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study/grammar

5~6강

피직이 2014. 5. 27. 22:01
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동사에 대한 기본 개념 복습

문장 = 주어 + 동사

동사는 필요함

Be

Do

am, are, is

have, eat, go, like, know, run

~ + not

Don't + ~

동사 + 주어 ?
you are a student -> Are you a student?

Do ~~ ?
I like milk -> Do you like milk?

 

 

시제

 

~

원래 그런것

~ing

이상 동사가 아님. 명사 또는 형용사처럼 쓰임

좁은 영역에 집중

눈에 보이는 행동들

~ed

과거형과 과거분사는

기본적으로 같은 모양

걸음 물러나는 느낌

1. 시간 기준으로 뒤로 물러남 = 과거로… 이제 이상 현재와 관련 없는 상태가

2. 말하는 사람의 태도(attitude) 뒤로 물러남 = 겸손한 말투

can you 보다 could you 예의 바른 표현임

3. 현실에서 물러남 = 가상, 생각 속의 이야기를 표현
 

 

 

빈도부사 - always, usually, often, sometimes …

빈도부사 위치는 Be 동사 , Do 동사

I always get up early

 

====

I am speaking. - 지금 말을 하고 있긴 하지만 얼마나 지속될지는 관심 없음

 

====

have 소유의 의미일 때에는 have got으로 쓰임

I have blue eyes = I've got blue eyes. 완전히 같은 의미임. have got 구어체임

He has blue eyes = He's got blue eyes. 여기서 's is 줄어든 것이 아님. 's 뒤에 got 나오면 have라고 알아챌 있어야

 

그런데 원래 have Do타입 동사인데 have got have Be타입 처럼 쓰임

I have blue eyes

I don't have blue eyes.

Do you have blue eyes?

I have got blue eyes.

I haven't got blue eyes.

Have you got blue eyes?

 

====

~ed 형태 - 과거를 표현하는 용법

 

be 동사의 ed형태

am

was

are

were

is

was

 

I was tired yesterday. / I wasn't tired yesterday.

You were tired yesterday.

Were you tired yesterday?

Why were you tired yesterday?

 

Do 타입 동사들은 ed형태가 규칙적인것도 있지만 불규칙적인것도 많음 - 암기해야함

암기 표는 맨 마지막에…

 

시제 표현은 가장 먼저 나오는 동사를 ed 형으로 바꾸면

you are late

you were late

were you late?

why were you late?

I know

I knew

did he know?

when did he know?

 

====

I am tired

I was tired

I wasn't tired

were you tired?

why were you tired?

I do my homework

I did my homework

I didn't do my homework

did you do your homework?

when did you do your homework?

 

====

~ing 집중한다는 개념. 과거의 특정 시점에도 집중 가능함

what were you doing at last night?

I was sleeping.

 

 

 

원형

단순과거형

과거분사형

be

was/were

been

beat

beat

beaten

become

became

become

begin

began

begun

bend

bent

bent

bet

bet

bet

bite

bit

bitten

blow

blew

blown

break

broke

broken

bring

brought

brought

broadcast

broadcast

broadcast

build

built

built

burst

burst

burst

buy

bought

bought

catch

caught

caught

choose

chose

chosen

come

came

come

cost

cost

cost

creep

crept

crept

cut

cut

cut

deal

dealt

dealt

dig

dug

dug

do

did

done

draw

drew

drawn

drink

drank

drunk

drive

drove

driven

eat

ate

eaten

fall

fell

fallen

feed

fed

fed

feel

felt

felt

fight

fought

fought

find

found

found

fit

fit

fit

flee

fled

fled

fly

flew

flown

forbid

forbade

forbidden

forget

forgot

forgotten

forgive

forgave

forgiven

freeze

froze

frozen

get

got

gotten

give

gave

given

go

went

gone

grow

grew

grown

hang

hung

hung

have

had

had

hear

heard

heard

hide

hid

hidden

hit

hit

hit

hold

held

held

hurt

hurt

hurt

keep

kept

kept

kneel

knelt

knelt

know

knew

known

lay

laid

laid

lead

led

led

leave

left

left

lend

lent

lent

let

let

let

lie

lay

lain

light

lit/lighted

lit/lighted

lose

lost

lost

make

made

made

mean

meant

meant

meet

met

met

pay

paid

paid

put

put

put

quit

quit

quit

read

read[red]

read[red]

ride

rode

ridden

ring

rang

rung

rise

rose

risen

run

ran

run

say

said

said

see

saw

seen

seek

sought

sought

sell

sold

sold

send

sent

sent

set

set

set

sew

sewed

sewn/sewed

shake

shook

shaken

shine

shone/shined

shone/shined

shoot

shot

shot

show

showed

shown/showed

shrink

shrank

shrunk

shut

shut

shut

sing

sang

sung

sink

sank

sunk

sit

sat

sat

sleep

slept

slept

slide

slid

slid

speak

spoke

spoken

spend

spent

spent

spit

spit/spat

spit/spat

split

split

split

spread

spread

spread

spring

sprang

sprung

stand

stood

stood

steal

stole

stolen

stick

stuck

stuck

sting

stung

stung

stink

stank

stunk

strike

struck

struck

swear

swore

sworn

sweep

swept

swept

swim

swam

swum

swing

swung

swung

take

took

taken

teach

taught

taught

tear

tore

torn

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

throw

threw

thrown

understand

understood

understood

wake

woke

woken

wear

wore

worn

weep

wept

wept

win

won

won

write

wrote

written

 

 


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